Ethics of scientific publications


1. The journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" publishes articles of scientific and practical content, reviews, lectures, clinical observations, information materials, reviews, discussions, information on the scientific life of the university, and congratulations to the jubilee. The journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" problems published in the journal.

2. The publication of the journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" seeks to comply with the norms of ethical behavior at all stages of the publication process, carefully following the principles of publications in scientific journals, consistent with the provisions of authoritative associations, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ( World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) (, Council of Science Editors (CSE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (, European Medical Writers Association (EMWA) (https: // www., The European Association of Science Editors (EASE) (, Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers (ANRI) (

3. The editors and the publisher of the journal adhere to the standards of the scientific editors of CSE ( and "Editorial Policy Statements" ( policies /) that cover the duties and rights of editors of peer-reviewed journals.

4. The publisher not only invests the work of the magazine, but also undertakes obligations to supervise scientific materials and is responsible for compliance with all current recommendations in published works.

5. The author of the publication, the editor of the journal, the reviewer, scientific editors and the publisher to whom the journal belongs, must observe ethical standards at all stages of the publication, from the submission of the article and ending with its publication in the journal.



1. The editor of the journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" is responsible for making a decision to publish. The reliability of the work in question and its scientific significance should always be the basis for the decision to publish.

2. The editor should objectively and fairly assess the contents of manuscripts without discrimination on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, religious or political beliefs, ethnicity or geographical origin of the authors.

3. All submitted articles should be objectively evaluated by the editor in terms of their scientific significance without any commercial influence.

4. The editor and the editorial board of the journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" are obligated, without the need to not disclose information on the accepted manuscript to all persons, except for Authors, Reviewers, Scientific Advisors and the Publisher.

5. Unpublished data obtained from the manuscripts submitted for consideration can not be used in personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas received during the review and related to possible benefits should be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.

6. Reviewers, scientific advisers and the editor should withdraw from consideration of manuscripts in the event of conflicts of interest due to competitive, joint and other interactions and relationships with Authors, companies and possibly other organizations associated with the manuscript.

7. The editor, who provided convincing evidence that the allegations or conclusions presented in the publication are erroneous, must notify the Publisher of this in order to notify promptly of the changes, the removal of the publication, the expression of concern and other relevant statements.

8. The Editor, together with the Publisher, shall take adequate response in the event of ethical claims relating to the manuscripts or published materials. Such measures generally include interaction with the authors of the manuscript and the reasoning of the relevant complaint or requirement, but may also imply interactions with relevant organizations and research centers.

9. All complaints and contradictions the editor should consider in accordance with the policy of the scientific community. It is necessary to give the author an opportunity to respond to any complaints and substantiate the existing contradictions. All complaints must be considered regardless of when the publication was approved. All documentation, one way or another connected with complaints, should be preserved.




1. Review helps the Editor to make a decision about publication and through appropriate interaction with the Author and also can help the Author to improve the quality of work.

2. In order to contribute to the decision-making process on the feasibility of publishing an article and to help improve the quality of the article, the reviewer must act objectively and in a timely manner. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. Reviewers should clearly and reasonably express their views.

3. Any selected Reviewer who does not have enough qualifications to review the manuscript or who does not have enough time to do the work quickly must notify the Editor of the journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" and ask him to exclude him from the process of reviewing the corresponding manuscript.

4. Any manuscript received for review should be considered a confidential document. This work can not be opened and discussed with any persons not authorized by the Editor.

5. Unpublished data obtained from the manuscripts submitted for consideration can not be used in personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas received during the review and related to possible benefits should be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. The reviewer should not keep a copy of the article.

6. Reviewers should identify relevant published works relevant to the topic and not included in the bibliography of the manuscript. For any statement (observation, conclusion or argument) published earlier, the manuscript must have a corresponding bibliographic reference. The reviewer should also draw the Editor's attention to the discovery of a significant similarity or coincidence between the manuscript in question and any other published work that is in the scientific competence of the Reviewer.

7. It is necessary to warn the editor about the materials published earlier in this or another publication, if available.

8. The reviewer is obliged to warn the editor and, if necessary, transfer the article to another reviewer, in the event of a potential conflict of interest (financial, organizational or other relations between the reviewer and the author).

9. In his work, the reviewer is guided by the Singapore Position on the Integrity of Research Work (



1. The authors of the article on the original research should provide the exact and complete information described in the article, as well as an objective discussion of the significance of the study. The data underlying the work must be unmistakably presented. The work should contain enough details and bibliographic references for possible reproduction. False or knowingly erroneous statements are perceived as unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

2. Authors may be asked for raw data related to the manuscript for review by the Editors. Authors should be willing to provide open access to any kind of information (according to ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if feasible, and in any case be prepared to keep this data for an adequate period of time after publication.

3. The author does not have the right to submit one article for publication in several scientific publications. The presentation of the same manuscript simultaneously in more than one magazine is perceived as unethical behavior and is unacceptable. It is always necessary to recognize the contribution of others. Authors should refer to publications that are relevant to the performance of the submitted work. Data obtained privately, for example during a conversation, correspondence or in the process of discussion with third parties, should not be used or presented without the explicit written permission of the source. Information obtained from confidential sources, such as assessing manuscripts or granting grants, should not be used without the express written permission of the Author of work relating to confidential sources.

4. In the case of using information in the article that was previously published, the author is obliged to indicate the source and the author of the information cited. In addition, the author must provide the editor with a copy of the article cited.

5. The author must confirm that his article is original, and indicate the sources of the information cited, if any, for obtaining permission to refer to the work of other authors.

6. Plagiarism can exist in many forms, from representing someone else's work as authoring to copying or paraphrasing the essential parts of someone else's works (without attribution) and before claiming their own rights to the results of other people's research. Plagiarism in all its forms is unethical and unacceptable

7. Authors of the publication can be only persons who have made a significant contribution to the formation of the concept of work, the development, implementation or interpretation of the presented study. All those who have made a significant contribution must be identified as Co-authors. In those cases where the study participants made a significant contribution to a particular area in the research project, they should be listed as persons who have made a significant contribution to this study.

8. The author is responsible for complying with national and local laws when conducting research involving people and animals (for example, the Helsinki Declaration of the WMA (downloaded), the NIH policy for animal studies, the EU animal research directive) (https: //policymanual.nih .gov / 3040-2). The author must receive permission to publish from the person (s) who participated in the study, and respect confidentiality.

9. It is necessary to declare a potential conflict of interest (for example, competing interests, which, in his opinion, may have a direct or indirect influence on the publication process). The authors are obliged to disclose in their manuscripts financial or other existing conflicts of interest that may be perceived as having affected the results or conclusions presented in the work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that are necessarily subject to disclosure include employment, counseling, the availability of shareholder property, obtaining fees, providing expert advice, patent application or patent registration, grants and other financial security. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed as early as possible.

10. When identifying a significant error in the publication, the author is obliged to notify the editor immediately. Throughout the publication process, the author is obliged to cooperate with the editor and publisher, adding, reducing and correcting the article if necessary. If the Editor or the Publishing House has received information from a third party that the publication contains material errors, the Author must withdraw the work or correct the errors as soon as possible.

11. The author fully assumes responsibility for possible plagiarism of text, drawings, etc. Any copyright infringement will be considered according to the COPE algorithm (



Identification of deviations from ethical standards

1. Illegal or unethical behavior can be identified and communicated to the editor-in-chief and publisher at any stage of the publication process.

2. Anyone who informs the editor or publisher about deviations from ethical norms should submit a sufficient amount of information and evidence. All applications and appeals will be accepted, reviewed and processed.


1. The decision to conduct an investigation is taken by the editor, who, if necessary, can seek help from the publisher.

2. It is necessary to gather evidence, while avoiding any charges.

Degree of deviation from ethical standards

1. Minor deviations from ethical norms. Consideration of minor deviations does not require consultation of a large number of specialists, and in any case, the author should be given the opportunity to respond to any charges.

2. Serious deviations from ethical norms. In case of serious deviations, the employer of the accused must be notified. The editor, together with the publisher or scientific society, decides whether to employ the employer, or the investigation is conducted by examining the available data, consulting with a limited number of experts.

Consequences (in ascending order of variations, can be used separately or in combination):

• Indicate the author or reviewer of the deviation.

• An official letter to the author or referee indicating deviations in order to prevent deviations from ethical standards in his subsequent articles.

• Publication of an official warning with a detailed description of the deviations.

• Publication of an article with the details of deviations.

• An official letter to the head of the author, referee or to the finance department.

• Official refusal to publish, as well as official notification of the head of the author, the review department, the indexing and referencing agency and the readers of the publication.

• Prohibition on the publication of this author for a certain period of time.

• Transfer of investigation results to higher organizations for making further decisions on these deviations.


The seizure of an already published article is an extreme measure and is used in the case of an autopsy of facts that were not known in the course of the review:

1. Revealing facts of violation of law and defamation;

2. Detection of false or inaccurate data, especially those whose use may pose a health risk.

The mechanism of the removal of the article.

1. The authors, readers, reviewers, editors and publishers may initiate the removal of the article by written request to the editorial office of the journal.

2. The Commission for the Resolution of Conflicts of the Journal reviews the appeal.

3. A decision on the seizure of a published article is taken by a commission to resolve conflicts in the journal if there are sufficient facts in favor of the withdrawal.

4. The Commission for Conflict Resolution notifies the initiator of the withdrawal of the article on the results of consideration of the appeal in writing.

5. If the commission decides to withdraw an article, the journal publishes information that the article has been withdrawn, indicating the metadata of the article.

6. If articles from the journal are indexed by any databases, a letter is sent to these databases stating that the article was withdrawn, indicating the reasons for the withdrawal.


The editorial board of the journal, when reviewing an article, can check the material with the help of the Anti-Plagiarism system (go to anti-plagiarism). In the case of multiple borrowings, the editorial board operates in accordance with the COPE rules (




1. The publisher of the journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" - FGBU VO "Dagestan State Medical University" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation follows the principles and procedures that facilitate the implementation of ethical duties by editors, reviewers and authors of the journal in accordance with these requirements.

2. The publisher must support the editor of the journal "Bulletin of the Dagestan State Medical Academy" in reviewing claims to the ethical aspects of published materials and helping to interact with other journals and / or publishers, if this facilitates the performance of duties by the Editor.

3. The publisher should promote good practice in conducting research and implement industry standards in order to improve ethical recommendations, procedures for removing and correcting errors.

4.The publisher must provide appropriate specialized legal support (opinion or advice) if necessary.